Bachelor of Environmental Science (Hons) Biodiversity and Conservation

Bachelor of Environmental Science (Biodiversity and Conservation) (Hons.) [R/422/6/0010 (12/19) (A9847)]

Professional Recognition
Malaysian Qualification Agency (MQA)

January / Mac / May / August / October

3 Years /10 Semester

  • Tution Fee

    RM 35,475 (Local) *

    * The policies, regulations,procedures and fees are subject to change without prior notice of Unisel

  • Entry Requierments


    • Foundation in Science program/Diploma with CGPA 2.0 and above/STPM with 2 principles inclusive of a science subject/credit in Bahasa Malaysia and a pass in English at SPM level/has sat MUET.
    • Unified Examination Certificate (UEC) with Grade B in 5 relevant subjects including Biology and Chemistry


  • Overview

    • The study of biodiversity reflects the extent of the interest of a nation in its natural resources and heritage, which is considered as a crucial portion of the national wealth. Since Malaysia is one of the twelve mega-diversity centre of the earth, much emphasis should be put on understanding, preserving and utilizing the biodiversity of our biotic resources.
    • Students are required to attend an internship programme to familliarize with the actual working environment.


  • Program Learning Outcomes


    • Demonstrate a comprehensive understanding of the world’s biodiversity and the importance of conservation and biodiversity management.
    • Analyze matter arises in biodiversity conservation and to think critically to solve the problem.
    • Identify, formulate and synthesize solution for the conservation of biodiversity and their sustainable utilization
    • Comprehend the importance of biodiversity towards social and economical well-being of the society
    • Assess critically current and future developments relevant to the sustainable utilization and conservation of biological diversity
    • Quest for life-long learning to pursue in enhancing advanced knowledge to deal flexibly and effectively with changes in the scientific and social contexts of their career
    • Apply theoretical knowledge and skills effectively in fields related to the management and conservation of biodiversity


  • Program Structure

    Year 1
    Course Code Course
    FMS 1113BBS 1134

    BDS 1134

    ZES 1133

    MPW 2153

    FMS 1243

    ZES 1243

    MPW 2113/2123

    MPW 2143

    BDS 1114

    BDS 1214

    BDS 1313

    BDS 1123

    ZKU 1112


    Chemistry for Biology

    Technical English I

    Moral Studies


    Technical English 2

    National Language A or B

    Islamic Studies



    Conservation Biology

    Introduction to IT


    Year 2
    Course Code Course
    BDS 2242BDS 2224

    BDS 2134

    PFS 3233

    BDS 3123

    BDS 3213

    BDS 3113

    MPW 2133

    BDS 2114

    BDS 2124

    BDS 2144

    BDS 2313

    PMS 1113

    Global Environmental IssuesAquatic System

    Environmental Science I


    Scientific Comm.

    Environmental Law and Policy

    Environmental Management

    Malaysia Studies

    Plant Diversity

    Microbial Diversity

    Population Genetics

    Biodiversity Practical

    Principle and Practices of Management

    Year 3
    Course Code Course
    BDS 2214BDS 2234

    BBS 2214

    BDS 3223

    BDS 3126

    BDS 3316

    BDS 4114

    BDS 4214

    BDS 4124

    BDS 4234

    BDS 4134

    BDS 4234

    BDS 3126

    Animal DiversityEnvironmental Sc 2

    Introduction to Bioinformatics

    Environmental Sustainability


    Industrial training

    Bioremediation +

    (Ecotourism *)

    Waste Management +

    (Forest Management *)

    Genetic resources Conservation +

    (Coastal Zone Management *)

    Thesis 2


    Core Course Description

    Course Code Course Synopsis
    BDS 2224 Aquatic System This course provides an overview of marine science which includes geomorphological structure of the ocean basin, the chemical and physical features of seawater, the oceanic wind system, ocean circulation and ocean wave and tide. This course also focuses on organisms of the sea such as marine plant, animal and microbe, the structure and function of marine ecosystem, human activities on marine environment, the importance principles of limnology and human activities on freshwater environment.
    BDS 2242 Global Environmental Issues This course provides an overview of global environmental issues which includes the changing surface of the earth, how to develop and implement appropriate strategies to reduce the risks associated with a changing climate. This course also integrates all the information concerning global environmental issues, be scientific, political, economic or social, in order to obtain a balanced view on how to achieve a more sustainable way to manage resources
    BDS 1114 Biology This subject enables students to have an understanding in basic concepts of biology. It will enlighten students on the functions of cells and to the molecules of life such as amino acids, ATP and nucleic acids. These universal features exist in a biological world of enormous diversity with the species ranging in habitats and adaptations that relate structure to function.It offers a comprehensive insights on the aspects of genetics and evolution. Finally it will enable students to comprehend that a diverse range of organisms are connected and interdependent
    BDS 1214 Ecology This course teaches students on ecology. Ecology of evolution, physical conditions and the availability of resources will be discussed. Individuals, populations, communities, and ecosystems will also be explained. Applied issues related to ecology such as sustainability, pollution and conservation are taught in this course.
    BDS 1134 Chemistry for Biology This subject provides an overview of basic concepts and measurement, stoichiometry, formula calculation, chemical reaction, molarity and acid-base theory
    BDS 2144 Population Genetics This course will grant students with the fundamental principles and concepts in population genetics. They will understand the relationship between allele and genotype frequencies in populations in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The course will also cover topics on population structure and gene flow, mutation, selection, inbreeding and genetic drift. Molecular evolution and quantitative trait variation will also be given emphasis.
    BDS 1313 Conservation Biology This subject provides profound understanding of the concepts and various issues involved in conservation biology. The students will be taught to appreciate biodiversity and various ways to assess the biodiversity. Genetic basis of conservation biology and the threats of global biodiversity will also be discussed. Other topics include the value and ethics in conservation and the emerging trends in conservation biology.
    BDS 2114 Plant diversity This subject introduces plant systematic andprovides basic knowledge on the taxonomy, life cycles and general structure of plant groups, fungi, plant like protiasts and monera. Importance of plant diversity in maintaining a sustainable resource will be highlighted in this subject. Moreover, hands on experience regarding experiments related to plant diversity will also be packaged in this course.
    BDS 2124 Microbial Diversity This course gives information about the diversity and role of microorganisms in the environment. The environmental evolution of the microbes will be discussed. This course also covers the biogeochemical cycling of the microbes and their co-existence in the ecosystem.
    BDS 2134 Environmental Science I This subject discusses the basic concepts of environmental science and introduces the components of the ecosystem. It also covers human population as a part of the ecosystem, and their activities that cause air, noise and water pollution. Human impacts on the landscape and biodiversity are also discussed. The ecosystem as the source of renewable and non-renewable energy and the toxic substances released in the process of utilizing the energy is also included.
    BDS 2234 Environmental Science II This subject covers the traditional and modern technologies used in environmental science studies. It encompasses environmental impact assessment (EIA), environmental monitoring using remote sensing and geographical information system (GIS). Various research methods on environmental science are also included. The economics of environment will also be discussed.
    BDS 2214 Animal Diversity This subject covers Darwin’s Theory of Evolution, microevolution and macroevolution to describe the evolution of animal diversity. It also focuses on the hierarchy of animal ecology and complexity of animal architecture. It describes the phylogeny and main adaptive features of the major phyla in the animal kingdom.
    BDS 2312 Biodiversity Practicals This course mainly involves doing field studies, collecting data on the biodiversity in different ecosystems and applying basic techniques in biodiversity and ecosystem investigations.
    BDS 3113 Environmental Management This subject encompasses various topics including environmental planning, conservation of resources, environmental status evaluation, environmental legislation and administration. It focuses more on implementation, monitoring, auditing, practice and real world issues than on theoretical planning.
    BDS 3213 Environmental Law & Policy This course provides an introduction to the key principles of environmental law and their content. Students will be exposed to the philosophical and scientific foundations of environmental law, with emphasis on the influence of the common law on the formation of environmental law. This subject also includes an overview of international environmental law, biodiversity conservation acts and criminal enforcement.
    BDS 3223 Environmental Sustainability This subject covers the major aspects of sustainability namely, biodiversity, ecological principles, natural capital, environmental quality and human impacts. It provides basic knowledge on how to maintain a reasonable balance between the utilization of natural resources with industrialization and development in order to ensure environmental sustainability.
    BDS 3126 Research Project/Thesis This course exposes the student to biodiversity research. At the end of this course students are required to submit their thesis.
    BDS 3316 Industrial Training This course exposes students to real working environment as a preparation for actual employment after they graduate. The industrial training provides an opportunity for students to apply the theoretical knowledge learnt in class and to further improve their research, management, entrepreneurial, communication and interpersonal skills.   Each student is supervised and evaluated by a company supervisor and an academic supervisor.
    BDS 4114 Bioremediation This subject provides basic knowledge on current environmental problems, such as wide varieties of environmental pollutions which can be overcome using remediation techniques especially bioremediation.
    BDS 4124 Waste Management This subject emphasizes on the principles of waste management to control pollution to the environment. These include hazardous and non hazardous waste from domestic and industry. Various methods and treatment technologies will also be discussed.
    BDS 4134 Conservation of Genetic Resources This course covers the conservation of genetic resources, populations, habitat and landscape and aquatic systems. This course also focuses on effective management methods involving the in situ and ex situ genetic conservation, socioeconomic aspects of genetic resources, biodiversity, polymorphism and phylogenetic studies of related organism in relation to genetic resources and biotechnology application on genetic resource.
    BDS 4214 Ecotourism This subject provides a basic knowledge on the nature and concept of ecotourism. It encompasses ecotourism environments, the structure of ecotourism industry and the impact of ecotourism on the environment, economy and socio-cultural integrity. It emphasizes the long-term benefits to the environment and local communities through proper management, effective law enforcement and well-planned ecotourism activities.
    BDS 4224 Forest Management This course exposes students to the sustainable forest management from economic, social values and environmental aspect in Malaysia. The discussion also covers the models on stand level and tactical planning, international experiences and models on landscape level.
    BDS 4234 Coastal Zone Management In this course student will learn what coastal zone management (CZM) is all about. They will learn to identify issues related to CZM. They will be able to evaluate coastal zone planning and management. They will also learn on integrated CZM.
  • Career Prospect

    Career  Opportunities

    • – Environmental officer
    • – Marine park officer
    • – Fisheries officer
    • – Research officer (EIA)
    • – Coastal area manager
    • – Science officer

    Expected Salary

    • – Public Sector: Basic starting monthly salary is around RM1,650; plus allowances (such as housing and entertainment) the total can amount to around RM2,300.
    • – Private Sector: The amount of basic starting monthly salary can vary from the above amount. However, the total amount of monthly salary earned (inclusive of allowances) is subject to negotiation and which can be higher than that earned in the public sector.
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